Rev. William Smart’s Baptismal Register 1831 – 1848

Extracts from Rev. William Smart’s Baptismal Register   1831 – 1848

As Published in the Papers of the Ontario Historical Society.


With Introduction and Notes by H. Richards (“Dick”) Morgan:

An account by Holly S. Seaman of the career of the Reverend William Smart, who was the first resident Minister of the Gospel in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville and the founder of the First Presbyterian Church in Brockville, is to be found in Vol. No. 5 of the Papers and Records of the Ontario Historical Society (1904). At that time there was also given a series of extracts from old registers of baptisms, marriages and deaths kept by Mr. Smart.

Some months ago Dr. William Frederick Jackson, of Mowbath  Hall, Brockville, discovered a further register which had been kept by Mr. Smart having to do with baptisms which he had performed, and the contents of this register are herewith reproduced, together with the following testimonial to Mr. Smart’s services, dated at Brockville, May 4, 1848, and signed by Alexander Morris, the Hon. James Morris, Dr. Robert  Edmondson, Lt.-Col. Ogle R. Gowan, MPP, Hon George  Sherwood, MPP, Sheriff Adiel Sherwood, and Alpheus Jones (Prescott), which was found accompanying the register:

Brockville, May 4, 1848

This is to certify that we, the undersigned, have been acquainted with the Rev. Mr. Smart for many years, and several of us ever since he commenced his labours in this town, and neighbourhood, which is now thirty-six years, and during that long period he has as a man and Christian minister borne an unblemished character.

He has always been faithful and zealous in promoting the doctrines of Christianity, and the diffusion of sound morality among the people, and he has ever been foremost in the promotion of every institution which had for its object the glory of God, and the spiritual and moral happiness of the community.

His love and zeal for his Sovereign and the laws and institutions of the country none can doubt, as he has at all times, both by example and precept been faithful in the discharge of these important duties.


Rev. William Smart ca1825

Rev. William Smart   ca.1825


The following entries are selected only as they apply to residents of the Town of Brockville:



29 April  1831 – JOHN ARMSTRONG, born May 6, 1829, son of Adam and Mary ARMSTRONG, Brockville.

29 April 1831 – AGNES REID, born January 2, 1831, daughter of John and Jane REID,  Brockville.

30 April 1831 – JAMES HENRY MORRIS, son of James and Emily MORRIS, Brockville.

(James Henry MORRIS, Q.C., the eldest son of the Hon. James MORRIS M.L.C. and his wife, Emily MURNEY, was born in Brockville on February 16, 1831, and died in Toronto on December 10, 1890.)

August, 1831 – DORCAS WELCH, born July 1831, daughter of Joseph and Ann WELCH,  Brockville.

1 September 1831 – ROBERT SWEENEY, born August 2, 1831, son of Thomas and Jane SWEENEY, Brockville.

5 September 1831 – CHARLES EZRA DEWEY, son of Martin and Maria DEWEY, Brockville.

(Charles Israel DEWEY was the father of George K. DEWEY, town clerk, Brockville.)

5 September 1831  – CLARISSA ELIZABETH DEWEY, daughter of Martin and Maria DEWEY, Brockville.

(Afterwards Mrs. David BYERS.)

26 October 1831 – JANE McKAY, born September 13, 1831, daughter of Peter and Mary Ann MCKAY,  Brockville.

2 November 1831 – WILLIAM LAWLESS HYNES, son of William and Margaret HYNES, Brockville.

5 November 1831 – MARY JANE POTTER, born October 9, 1830, daughter of John C. and Mary Ann POTTER, Brockville.

6 November 1831 – SOPHIA ELIZABETH MORRIS, daughter of Alexander and Elizabeth MORRIS, Brockville.


13 February 1832 – DONALD McKAY, born January 21, 1832, son of Robert and Ellen McKAY,  Brockville.

5 April 1832 – Child of Alexander and Ann STARR

(This child was obviously ALFRED HENRY STARR, born in Brockville on November 36, 1831, and the founder of the Starr, Gill Manufacturing Co. from which he retired in 1874. His wife was Sarah Frederica LOTHROP, daughter of F. L. LOTHROP, and he died in 1877. One of his sons, George Lothrop STARR became the Very Rev. Dr. STARR (1872-1925), Dean of the Diocese of Ontario.)

10 June 1832 – PHEBE HOLDEN, born November 9, 1831, daughter of Rufus and Elizabeth HOLDEN, Brockville.

(Mr. Smart had married Rufus HOLDEN and Elizabeth CLEMENT, both of Elizabethtown, on November 17, 1830.)

8 July 1832 – JAMES NELSON, born April 16, 1832, son of Samuel and Betty NELSON, Brockville.

4 September 1832 – ANDREW NORTON COLE, son of  Abel and Catherine COLE, Brockville.

4 September 1832 – MARGARET REBECCA DONALDSON, daughter of Andrew and Susanna DONALDSON, Brockville.

13 September 1832 – ELIZA ANN GILMOUR, born January 5, 1832, daughter of John and Matilda GILMOUR, Brockville.

6 December 1832 – OGLE ROBERT THOMPSON, born August 24, 1832, son of John and Mary Ann THOMPSON, Brockville.

22 December 1832 – WILLIAM POLLY, born July 4, 1832, son of William H. and Delila POLLY, Brockville.

(One of the two tombstones which remained standing in the old Buell burying ground on Louis Street, Brockville, a few years ago — both of which have now disappeared   was “to the memory of William, Son of William H. and Delila POLLEY, who departed this life December 30, 1832, aged 5 months and 26 days”.)

25 December 1832 – Child of Adam and Mary ROBINSON, Brockville.


13 January 1833 – MARY MATILDA PEOPLES, daughter of John and Elizabeth PEOPLES, Brockville.

28 January 1833 – ADELAIDE VICTORIA BUELL, daughter of Joseph Peters and Britannia BUELL, Brockville.

26 May 1833 – ELVIRA ADELAIDE POTTER, born February 16, 1833, daughter of John C. and Mary POTTER, Brockville.

(She was married, firstly to W. H. ELLERBECK, barrister-at-law, Brockville secondly in 1873 to Robert F. FITZSIMMONS, merchant, Brockville and died there in 1918.)

26 May 1833 – JANET SUTHERLAND MULLINER, born February 28, 1833, daughter of Samuel and Catherine MULLINER, Brockville.

21 June 1833 – ROBERT HARROWER WHITELAW, Born in Kingston, June 21, 1832, son of John and Frances WHITELAW, Brockville.

20 October 1833 – MARGARET WEIR, born October 7, 1833, daughter of _______ and Ann WEIR, Brockville.

25 October 1833 – John CRANSTOUN, born June 21, 1833, son of William and Marian CRANSTOUN, Brockville.

25 October 1833 – EDMUND MORRIS, born June 1, 1833, son of James and Emily Morris, Brockville.

(He was a son of the Hon. James MORRIS and his wife, Emily MURNEY, and was long connected with the Ontario Bank and was married in 1863 to Catherine Ann SCHOFIELD, daughter of James L. Schofield, Brockville.)

1 November 1833 – MARION WATSON, born October 11, 1833, daughter of William and Margaret WATSON, Brockville.


14 February 1834 – MARY ANN REED, born October 7, 1833, daughter of John and Jane REED, Brockville.

27 February 1834 – GEORGE McKAY, born December 24, 1833, son of Peter and Marion McKAY,  Brockville.

21 March 1834 – WILLIAM McCRUM born February 7, 1833, son of Robert and Elizabeth McCRUM, Brockville.

26 March 1834 – CHARLES HAYES, born January 26, 1834, son of James and Nancy HAYES,  Brockville.

28 March 1834 – GEORGE SPENCER, born January 2, 1834, son of William and Mary Ann SPENCER, Brockville.

28 March 1834 – ROBERT BEATY POWELL, born September 30, 1833, son of James and Hannah POWELL, Brockville.

(Robert B. POWELL died in 1908.)

31 March 1834 – WILLIAM McCLENCHY, son of William and Ellen McCLENCHY, Brockville.

21 May 1834 – JOHN MORRISON JOHNSTON, born April 8, 1934, son of George Lodge and Jane JOHNSTON, Brockville.

22 May 1834 – ISAAC FOLLY, born December 6, 1833, son of William H. and Delila Polly,  Brockville.

20 July 1834 – Mary Ann SLATER, born May 18, 1834, daughter of William and Elizabeth  SLATER, Brockville.

16 September 1834 – JOHN DONALDSON, born June 20, 1834, son of Andrew and Mary DONALDSON, Brockville.

18 September 1834 – MARGARET NELSON, born August 19, 1833, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth NELSON, Brockville.

21 September 1834 – HELEN SMART, born August 19, 1833, daughter of John and Isabella SMART, Brockville.

6 September 1834 – Child, born August 17, 1834, of ________ LOTHROP, Brockville

(Probably Sarah Frederica LOTHROP, daughter of Fordyce L. LOTHROP, Brockville, afterwards married to Alfred Henry STARR.)

2 November 1834 – ALEXANDER GORDON STARR, son of Alexander and Ann STARR, Brockvllle.

(He was born July 24, 1834, died April 8, 1915, at Brockville, where he had been agent for the Canadian Pacific Railway.)

18 December 1834 – ELIZA ANN ROBINSON, born September 23, 1834, daughter of Thomas and Ann ROBINSON, Brockville.

26 December 1834 – ELIZABETH WILSON McCALLUM, born October 14, 1834, daughter of James and Margaret McCALLUM, Brockville.


6 January 1835 – JAMES McCLATCHEY, born December 19, 1834, son of Matthew and Sarah McCLATCHEY, Brockville.

21 March 1835 – HENRY WALKER, born January 15, 1835, son of James and Jennet WALKER, Brockville.

12 May 1835 – SAMUEL NELSON, born March 21, 1835, son of Samuel and Elizabeth NELSON, Brockville.

12 May 1835 – KETTY BLAIR, born May 3, 1835, daughter of Alexander and Margaret  BLAIR, Brockville.

12 May 1835 – JOHN ROBINSON, born May 6, 1835, son of William and Ann ROBINSON,  Brockville.

12 May 1835 – SUSANNA HILLIS, daughter of  Joseph and Nancy HILLIS, Brockville.

17 May 1835 – JOHN McCULLOCH, born April 25, 1835, son of Alexander and Mary McCULLOCH, Brockville.

23 June 1835 – MARY ADELAIDE MOSELY, born August 24, 1832, daughter of John and Ann MOSELY, Brockville.

JULIAN MOSELY, born June 14, 1835, son of John and Ann MOSELY, Brockville.

18 June 1835 – JANE McCRUM, born December 25, 1834, daughter of James and Mary Ann MCCRUM, Brockville.

18 August 1835 – BETSY JANE STRAIN, born March 21, 1835, daughter of David and Catherine STRAIN, Brockville.

4 September 1835 – JOHN McCLENCHY, born September 4, 1835, son of Robert and Mary McCLENCHY, Brockville.

12 October 1835 – MATTE COOPER, born August 28, 1835, daughter of John and Matte  COOPER, Brockville.

25 December 1835 – FITZ WILLIAM HENRY CHAMBERS, born September 29, 1832, son of James Alexander and Eliza Ann Mary CHAMBERS, Elizabethtown.

(F.W.H. CHAMBERS became a leading figure in the public life of Brockville, where he practiced law for an extended period, and which he represented in the Parliament of the Canadas from 1863 to 1867. For some time he was in partnership with the late Judge H.S. MCDONALD and subsequently going to Detroit, became a judge there. He died in Detroit about 25 years ago.)

JAMES ALEXANDER BREAKENRIDGE CHAMBERS, born May 6, 1835, son of James Alexander and Eliza Ann Mary CHAMBERS, Elizabethtown.


15 February 1836 – JAMES REYNOLDS, born June 25, 1835, son of James and Elizal REYNOLDS, Brockville.

17 April 1836 – SARAH ANN SPENCE, born July 1835, daughter of William and Mary Ann SPENCE, Brockville.

24 April 1836 – SARAH ANN WEIR, born April 7, 1836, daughter of George and Ann WEIR, Brockville.

15 May 1836 –  BENJAMIN ROBINSON, son of  Thomas and Ann ROBINSON, Brockville.

30 October 1836 – Two children (neither names or sexes given) of William and Sophrone MORSE,  Brockville.

3 November 1836 – THOMAS LEACH, born May 18, 1836, son of Edward and Elizabeth LEACH, Brockville.


30 July 1837 – THOMAS HILLIS, born March 12, 1837, son of William and Mary Ann HILLIS, Brockville.


22 April 1838 – JOSEPH HILLIS, born January 6, 1838, son of William and Mary Ann HILLIS, Brockville.


no date, 1840 – MARIA JANE DOWSLEY, daughter of George and Eliza DOWSLEY, Brockville.

KENEDA BROWN DOWSLEY, born April 21, 1840, daughter of George and Eliza DOWSLEY,  Brockville.


8 May 1841 – LATICIA ALLEN, born July 26, 1839, daughter of John and Fanny ALLEN,  Brockville.

13 December 1841 – JOHN KIRKLAND, son of  Thomas and Susanna KIRKLAND, Brockville.


2 May 1842 – EUPHRASIA HARRIET ELIZA ELLERBECK,  born August 24, 1841, daughter of  William Harrison and Katherine Cook ELLERBECK.

(She died on January 24, 1859, and is buried in the Howard Cemetery, Elizabethtown.)

8 May 1842 – HANCE HILLIS, born March 18, 1842, son of Thomas and Sarah HILLIS,  Brockville.

21 June 1842 – MARGARET GREEN, born February 11, 1842, daughter of John and Maria GREEN,  Brockville.

16 July 3 842 – MARY ANN ALLAN, born March 29, 1842, daughter of John and Fanny ALLAN,  Elizabethtown (formerly of Brockville)


21 June 1843 – AGNES GEORGE, born August 12, 1842, daughter of David and Rachel GEORGE, Brockville.


19 March 1845 – JAMES ALEXANDER LIDDLE, born January 38, 1845, son of  George and Jane LIDDLE, Brockville.

4 May 1845 – JOSHUA McCORD, born February 13, 1845, son of James and Jane McCORD,  Brockville.


9 February 1848 – MATHER STUART, born November 28, 1847, daughter of Alexander and Jane STUART, Brockville.

10 February 1848 – HELEN HARRIET DANA, born October 31, 1847, daughter of Alonzo B. and Mary DANA, Brockville.

(She was married in Brockville on December 5, 1871, as his first wife, to Archer BAKER, then accountant of the Brockville and Ottawa, and Canada Central Railways and subsequently general superintendent of the eastern division, Canadian Pacific Railway, and its European traffic manager. She died in Brockville on September 25, 1880.)

Rev. Wiiliam Smart  ca.1870

Rev. William Smart   ca.1870

1853 – Directory of Map Subscribers

from the Map of Brockville, Canada West         1853

Published by Wall and Forrest, New York

View of Brockville about 1852 as drawn by Owen Staples

View of Brockville about 1852 as drawn by Owen Staples

List of Subscribers

Information probably compiled in 1852.

Edited and expanded for clarity by Douglas M. Grant


ANDERSON, John – boot and shoe store

ANDERSON, Adam – bookbinder

ANDREWS, Jesse – hotel keeper

ARNOLD, George W.


BELL, Robert

BEACH, Stephen – tavern keeper


BLODGETT, S.S. – dentist

BOTSFORD, Warren – groceries, &c.

BROOKS, James H. – copper & tin smith

Jacob Dockstader Buell

Jacob Dockstader Buell

BUELL, Jacob D. – attorney at law


CAMM, Thomas – tailor

CAMPBELL, C. J. – Commercial Bank


George Chaffey

George Chaffey


CHAMBERS, Fitz William H. – attorney at law

CHURCH, Richard F. – Bank of Upper Canada

COLES, C.H. – tailor

Corporation of Brockville

COLEMAN, Richard – leather manufacturer

COLEMAN, James – leather manufacturer

COOK, William – baker

COLTON, Reuben P. – iron founder

COWAN, John – butcher



John Willoughby Crawford

John Willoughby Crawford


CUNNINGHAM, Thomas – grocery


DICKINSON, Benjamin – deputy sheriff

DOYLE, William

DOWSLEY, W. & J. – shoe store

DANA, Alonzo B. – shoe store

DONALDSON, Andrew – hatter


ELLERBECK, William H. – Attorney at Law

EDMONDSON, Dr. Robert – M.D.

EASTON, Seymour G. – baker


FITZSIMMONS, William – carpenter

Robert Fitzsimmons

Robert Fitzsimmons

FITZSIMMONS, Robert – grocer

FLINT, Samuel


FLINT, Billa

FORD, David B. Ogden


FULFORD, Hiram – marble dealer

FRIEDENHEIMER, J. – jeweller &c.


GALLENA, James – plasterer

GAY, Andrew

GILMOUR, William – iron founder

GREEN, John – hotel keeper


HAZLEWOOD, Richard – carpenter

HEALEY, James – grocer

HOLMES, F.M. – agent, Bank of Montreal

HUNTER, Michael – blacksmith

HUDDLESTON, J.W. – tinsmith &c.


JONES, Charles E.

JONES, David – County Registrar

JONES, Frederick

JONES, Mrs. Charles – widow

JONES, Ormond

William Hayes Jackson

William Hayes Jackson

JACKSON, William H. – saddle & harness maker



KILBORN, John – postmaster

KILBORN, Bradish – tanner & currier

KILBORN, Billings – tinsmith


KINCAID, James – saddle & harness maker




LAWLESS, Edward – grocer


LEGGO, Christopher


LOTHROP, Fordyce L. – auctioneer & merchant


MARSHALL, Thomas – tavern keeper

MATTHIE, ROBERTSON & CO. – merchants

McCLEAN, Worship B. – attorney at law




McDONALD, Norman – merchant

McKEE, Andrew – merchant

McKENZIE, John – hotel

McELHINNY, John – cabinet maker

McMULLEN, John – bookseller & publisher of Free Press

McQUEEN, Dr. Thomas F. – physician

Morton, McKee & Co. – merchants

MORTON, George – merchant

James Morris

James Morris

MORRIS, William & James

MURRAY, Patrick

MURPHY, Michael – butcher

NICOLSON, James – baker


NOTTAR, Thomas – ship carpenter

O’DELL, Amos

OLDS, Gershom – carriage maker


PARR, James – saddle & harness maker

PARR, Arthur – saddle & harness maker


POTTER, John C. – shoe dealer


Ralph & Converse – drug store

READ, Isaac – merchant

REYNOLDS, Dr. Thomas – M.D.

REID, John – grist mill

Albert Norton Richards, Brockville attorney & barrister

Albert Norton Richards

RICHARDS, Albert N. – attorney at law

ROSS, John & Samuel



SHERWOOD, Hamilton N.

SHERWOOD, William & STEELE, Richard F.    – attorneys at law

SIMPSON, William B. – H.M. Customs

SKINNER, Sylvester

SMART, Thomas – tailor

SMITH, Truman

SPENCER, E. – daguerrian artist



TURNER, Allan – drugs & medicines


VANARNAM, Charles – dry goods &c.


WEBSTER, Thomas – merchant


WEATHERHEAD, John – revenue inspector

WHITE, Andrew – hotel keeper

WHITE, James – tavern keeper

WHITE, James & William – house painters


WILLSON, William H. – hotel

WRIGHT, J. – watchmaker

WYLIE, David – editor of Recorder


The Town of Brockville from the east end - ca1858

The Town of Brockville from the east end – ca1858

1849 Magazine Article about Brockville

This article was selected from an old magazine:

The Maple-Leaf or Canadian Annual

Court House Ave 1849 (from the Maple-Leaf)

 Looking up Court House Ave. towards the Brockville Court House


About fifty miles from the head of the St. Lawrence, stands Brockville, the subject of our vignette. To every Canadian, and indeed to every Englishman, this town, though far from being the most important in size and population in our Province, cannot fail to be an object of interest.

The association with the memory of him who fell in the arms of victory on the Heights of Queenston, whilst it adds a feature to its attractions, renders it an enduring monument of his fame — a monument, which will last whilst its stone-built streets endure, and may in some measure make amends for the apathy with which a nation looks on the once graceful, but now ruined column that marks the spot where her hero’s blood was spilt.

But, apart from the memories of mingled pride and regret which its name may call up, Brockville possesses many charms.

In a downward journey on the bosom of the magnificent St. Lawrence — which may now be made with safety in a commodious steamer, and surrounded with comfort and even luxury — before arriving at the subject of our present notice, the traveller passes amidst the far-famed Thousand Islands, which bear the appearance of having sprung from the depths of the mighty stream expressly to be the’ abode of the spirits of its waters.

Amid their picturesque mazes, man feels himself an intruder; and as the moving mass he treads bears him safely among the labyrinth of rocks, he may fancy himself transported by genii through some region of fairy land; or, without yielding to the powers of imagination, he cannot forbear contemplating alike the extraordinary results of human skill, and the wonders of nature’s own creation, thus brought together for his use and admiration, in the self-impelled ark which he inhabits, and in the beauteous scenery which surrounds him.

Brockville 1849 (from the Maple-Leaf)

Our illustration — though we trust our readers will not deny to the artist his due need of praise — gives but a very imperfect idea of the town. After passing through scenes whose claims to admiration, though great, are altogether their natural beauties, the eye rests pleasantly on the stone walls of Brockville. The Court House, and the Church on the eminence above the town, are the chief objects which attract attention.

The latter is seen in our artist’s sketch; but the Court House, though visible from the deck of the steamer, cannot be distinguished. The well-executed wood-cut, however, which we subjoin, gives a faithful representation of this commodious and handsome structure, the commanding site on which it stands, and the broad avenue through which it is approached.

The view which forms our vignette is taken from the level of the site of the lower part of the town, and comprises only that portion of it adjacent to the wharves, consisting chiefly of warehouses. From other points, however, the town presents a much more favourable aspect. Opposite to the wharves is what forms a pretty object in our picture — a small fort or block-house, in which a few troops are usually stationed. If we land and proceed through the principal streets, we are agreeably surprised at the features presented, so different from those that mark the generality of the towns in this newly-peopled part of the world. Instead of the glaring and perishable attractions of painted frame-work, and those characteristics, which indicate the rapidity, wherewith the cities of this continent, as if evoked by magic from the vast wilderness, leap into existence, and the primeval forest is replaced by the busy haunts of man, Brockville affords an appearance of solidity grateful to the eye of the “old country man,” and of substantial and unostentatious comfort. Its handsome houses of stone, with cut-stone fronts, and its public buildings of the same massive material, give to the streets an air of wealth and importance which other Canadian towns of the same size and population cannot boast of, and which form the distinguishing feature we have remarked. This it owes to the abundance of limestone and granite which is found in its neighbourhood. The heaviness and gloom which the general use of stone in the buildings would otherwise create, are agreeably relieved by the number of residences, even in the heart of the town, which are surrounded by neat gardens and ornamental trees.

The commercial prosperity of Brockville in some degree declined after the construction of the Rideau Canal, a stupendous work of art, connecting the St. Lawrence and Ottawa rivers, and cut by the Government chiefly for military purposes, but which enabled passengers and the forwarders of merchandise to avoid the then dangerous navigation of the St. Lawrence, though by a circuitous and expensive route.

Of late years, however, the “carrying trade”, as the business of forwarding merchandise and produce is called, has been finding its old, and what would seem to us to be its natural channel. Canals, wide and deep, and furnished with handsomely and substantially-built stone locks, render the formidable Rapids of the St. Lawrence no longer an obstruction to navigation. Steamers of the first class now descend the whole course of the mighty stream, and ascend it with equal safety, — stemming, by the invincible power of steam, the torrents of the ” Gallops”, and the “Plat” rapids, so long considered insurmountable, but escaping, by the use of the canals, the more impetuous and impracticable rapids of “Lachine”, “the Cascades”, “the Cedars”, and “the Sault”.

Far different was the mode of transportation on our own first acquaintance with the giant river. Among the younger of a band of emigrant brothers, it fell to our lot to accompany in its course, towards our westward destination, the usual vast pile of huge bales, sea-chests, and other indescribable appendages of the self-made exile, which in those days was considered indispensable, but a great part of which was too often found on its arrival to be unsuitable or unnecessary, and only to afford a cause of regret to the disappointed owner, that it had not been left on the other side of the broad ocean, and a proportionate increase made in his letters of credit. The adventures of that voyage from Montreal to Kingston, which can now be performed in little more than twenty-four hours, would fill a chapter.

No ark-like steamer, with its towering decks and lofty wooden walls, received us and our fortunes. The open and fragile batteau, manned by the “voyageurs” of the then sister Province, was the only bark to bear us over the rushing waters. Horses, and sometimes oxen, slowly dragged our diminutive vessel up the foaming rapids.

A surly “habitant”, whose whole vocabulary seemed to consist of the everlasting “marche donc” to his weary cattle, urged his lagging train along the margin, sometimes at the water’s edge or again on the high bank of the stream. Armed with a hatchet, his companion followed him, ready at a moment’s notice to sever the tow-line, should the failing strength of the cattle or the increasing force of the current threaten, what occasionally happened, their being dragged backwards into the water.

His duty was also to clear the line — which was necessarily very long — from the numerous stumps and other obstacles by which it might be caught and impeded. Slow, and not without danger, was our course. Nor was its speed accelerated by the long and tiresome halts that, deaf to all remonstrance in English or French, our boatmen made, to drink and smoke. It was during one of these weary halts at the Long Sault rapids, that, by accident or design, our moorings broke, and not without consternation we found ourselves afloat on the rushing river, accompanied by but one boatman.

The danger, however, was not so great as might be imagined. Swiftly but safely (for our tiny craft drew but little water) we shot o’er the surface of the stream which it had cost us so much toil to ascend, and without injury landed (through, we have no doubt, the design of our French friend, who formed captain, pilot and crew) at a small village, the name of which I forget, on the American side of the river, and then our boatman very deliberately — left us.

No arguments — no remonstrance could procure his stay: could we have addressed to him Caesar’s pithy words to his storm-overtaken pilot, we should still have failed: had Caesar’s self entreated, Caesar must have entreated in vain; “away he went — we never saw him no more”.

We escaped — though not without some investigation on the part of Brother Jonathan, as to our smuggling or piratical designs; and by our own exertions, being now beyond the force of the rapid, reached the opposite shore in safety. But our adventure delayed us several days in arriving at our destination, and obliged us to bring our batteau up to Prescott without the aid of boatmen, and which we should never have achieved bill for the assistance of some stout English carpenters who had crossed the Atlantic, and now ascended the St. Lawrence, with us.

We sojourned in the land of our adoption, and years — if not marked by “moving accidents by flood and field,” yet not unvaried by many an adventure and even “hair-breadth escape”, on the wide surface of its sea-like lakes, or in the shady depths of its leafy forests — passed, ere again we sped o’er the waves of its noble river.

After an interval of time, short in itself, but long in the changes it had wrought in ourselves and in the scenes around, we once more contemplated its rapid and sparkling waters. The boy had grown a man — had known the joys, the cares, the strifes of manhood. Was the scene around less changed? The river rolled its mass of waters in its unaltered and unalterable channels; but the villages that had dotted its margin, had become towns — the tiny and straggling craft that had toiled with their handful of freight up its mighty current, had disappeared — steamers and schooners boldly traversed its waters, and bore towards the ocean rich cargoes of the produce of our fields, or carried from the sea-board the fruits of the industry of distant thousands.

The attempts of steam vessels to stem the rapids of the St. Lawrence, were not at first attended with the success which they have now attained. The “Iroquois” (called after the Indian tribe of the same name) was, we believe, the first that undertook to pass up. Her mode of progression, however, was not that of the present day. As she neared die rapids, a strong tow-line was thrown on shore, and the slow but sure labours of toiling oxen enabled her to overcome the current, which she otherwise could not have confronted.

Even within the last few years, steamers with all the modern improvements, have been glad to rest in their upward course, retained in their position by ropes made fast to trees or stout posts on shore, and thus recover their breath and renew their drooping energies, before they ventured to face “the pitch”. But the rapids have carried us past Brockville; and we too must stem the tide, or brave a similar mishap to that which before befell us.

Of a more than ordinarily pleasant journey, that gave us an opportunity of admiring the richness and fertility of the country that borders on the Bay of Quinte, and the splendid locks and occasional romantic views on the Rideau — and, on our return by the Ottawa and St. Lawrence, of comparing the beauties of those rivers — we have retained no recollection of more interest to us than that attached to Brockville.

The sweet picture of the gay little town, with its comfortable houses stretching to the water’s edge down the ascent, whose crest is surmounted by picturesquely-situated public buildings, is still fresh in our memory. Well do we remember, too, the companion of our upward voyage, from whom we parted at that wharf where you see the steamer moored.

He was one of its oldest and most honoured inhabitants, and during his long residence there had materially promoted its progress and improvement. That little church to the left of our vignette attests the active interest which he took as well in the spiritual as in the temporal welfare of his fellow-citizens.

Although Brockville has sent forth many who have attained to eminence in their native land, in various walks of life, yet of none has she more reason to be proud — none has she more cause to regret, than our eminent and lamented fellow-traveller. The Bar — the Senate — and the Bench, each in its turn shared his labours and was the sphere of his distinction; and his removal from among us has left a void in a large circle of grief-stricken relatives and connections in Brockville and elsewhere, which it will indeed be difficult to fill.

Honest and manly in his public career — amiable and kind, in all the relations of private life, the public have to lament a tried and faithful servant, and his family to mourn for a fond and affectionate relative. Little did we think, as our kind companion, in all the buoyancy of health and spirits, described the familiar scenes of his early youth, whilst we ascended the stream between Prescott and Brockville — told us of the olden days at Maitland and Augusta, and fondly pointed out beside the old poplars the ruins of the parental dwelling, in which he had first drawn breath — little did we think, that that voice was so soon to be for ever hushed — that warm heart so suddenly chilled — that active mind and vigorous frame so instantaneously prostrated by Death.

We parted from him at Brockville, in hope and confidence of many years of life and honour being allotted him; but one short year — and we formed one of a numerous train of mourners that followed his remains to their last resting-place.

Early Methodist Clergyman – Rev. Anson Green

from the book:

Life and Times of the Rev. Anson Green, D.D.

First Minister of the Brockville Wesleyan Methodist Church


Rev. Anson Green

Rev. Anson Green

Brockville Circuit – First Move

Our first move commenced on Monday, the 13th day of September 1830.  We had but five miles to go on waggons before we reached the steamer at Queenston, where we embarked with horse, carriage, and furniture.  The lake was rough, and Mrs. Green and I suffered much from sea sickness.  Our babe, four months old, proved the best sailor of the three.

We came in sight of Brockville a little before midnight. We drove our own horse to the hotel, and slept comfortably for three or four hours, when we were called up by Mr. Luther Houghton, who came to conduct us to his own house, a part of which had been rented for our home. Our new friends called in to bid us welcome and help us settle. We soon found that friends in the east were just as kind as those in the west, and we were at home

Brockville is a lovely town of 1,130 inhabitants, situated on the St. Lawrence, a little below the Thousand Islands.  Our stone church stands on a most eligible site, on the Court House Square.

Sunday the 19th September   I commenced my pulpit work here by preaching on “Paul’s resolution”, which I adopted as my own. The circuit has been re-arranged so as to allow preaching twice a day in town.  We reduced our membership to about 400 by this division.  There are four churches in town   the Wesleyan and Presbyterian in the centre, with an Episcopalian in the east, and a Roman Catholic in the west.

The buildings of the town are mostly of beautiful blue stone, brought from a quarry two miles to the east of it.  These, laid in courses of from four to six inches in thickness, present a beautiful appearance.  There is no town in Canada that I have seen which, for its size, presents so many fine, substantial buildings.

On Wednesday, preached in the tin-capped school-house, about five miles out, but found no class.  Sunday, the 26th, twice in Brockville.  On Thursday, the 30th at the Quaker school-house.  Friday 1st of October, at Wiltse’s schoolhouse.  Sunday, the 3rd, at Bates’ school-house in the morning, where we met a good class, and at Keeler’s school-house (now Greenbush) in the evening  – crowded congregations and good classes.  Brother John Keeler, who leads the class at his place, is the son of one of our early ministers, and he is an excellent leader of a large and lively class.  Monday, went back in the woods to Mr. Berrie’s   a small congregation.  In the evening at Brother Dickson’s.

Sunday, the 10th of October, Brockville, morning and evening. 12th, at Shipman’s school-house, a small class here. 13th, at Kanetuck, a larger class. 14th, at Junetown or Quabbin   no class yet formed. 15th, at Lansdowne, a good class meeting. 16th, at Hutchinson’s   no class here. Sunday, the 17th, at Elizabethtown and Mallorytown, good congregations and excellent class-meetings, in both of these places.  The former is vested with much historic interest.  The first Conference held in Canada met here in 1817, when a great revival commenced.

We have 19 appointments each, every four weeks; quite enough, seeing, we preach twice every Lord’s Day in Brockville. Indeed, we need more time for study, for prayer-meetings, and for pastoral visiting. The numerous calls for extra sermons, temperance lectures, and Sunday School addresses, make me wish for Fletcher’s piety, Wesley’s learning, and Whitfield’s eloquence, that I might devote more time to this great work, and respond to every call.  We have an interesting field.

This drawing shows how the first stone Methodist Chapel in Brockville looked. It is the core of the present Wall St. United Church on Wall St.

This is how the first stone Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Brockville appeared.
It is the small core of the present Wall St. United Church building, now existing on Wall St.

Court Convictions – September 1824

from the Brockville Recorder, September 13, 1824

Convictions – in the Court of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol delivery, held in this place during the past week.


Catharine Sharplay – Grand Larceny

          – To be imprisoned two weeks, and to be privately whipped twenty lashes.


Mary LittleGrand Larceny

           – To be imprisoned two weeks, and to be privately whipped twenty lashes.


Mary BoingtonLarceny

           – To be imprisoned two weeks, and to be privately whipped twenty lashes.


James Brown Grand Larceny

           – To be imprisoned two months, to be twice publicly whipped, and receive twenty lashes each time.


Anthony GallagherGrand Larceny

           – To be imprisoned two months and, in which period, to be twice whipped publicly and to receive twenty lashes each time.


Andrew GallagherFelony

           – To be banished for seven years, and to depart in eight days.


John RowlandPassing counterfeit money

           – To be imprisoned one month, at the expiration of which, to stand one hour in the public pillory, and to be banished from the Province for seven years, from the 11th Oct. 1824; and to depart in 6 days.


          Drawing of the Old Brockville Court House

1827 Census – Village of Brockville

Edited by Douglas M. Grant

Arranged alphabetically, and abbreviations expanded where known to be true.


AGAR, John


BLER, Francis




BUELL, Andrew N.

BUELL, William, Esq.

BUELL, William, Jr.



CARLEY, Duncan

CARLEY, Richard


CHASE, Enoch M.

CONGO, Cesar



DUNHAM, Charles

DUNHAM, Ephraim

DYER, Charles








FARRAR, Samuel

FLINT, Billa

FLUKE, James

FOX, William




GILMOUR, Dr. Robert




GRANT, Alexander



GRAY, James

GRENAN, Patrick


HALL, James



HAYES, Moses

HAYES, William


HORTON, Nicholas, 2nd



HUBBELL, Dr. Elnathan


INNIS, Richard



JONES, Charles

JONES, Daniel

JONES, Francis P.

JONES, Henry

JONES, Jonas

JONES, Mrs. M.

JONES, Sidney

JONES, William



KILBORN, Charles


KINCAID, Archibald

KINCAID, Charles


LEGGO, Christopher

LEPOINT, Stephen


LYMAN, Patrick



MANNING, Michael

McCLEAN, Arthur





MORRIS, Alexander

MORRIS, William


MURRAY, Patrick




POWELL, William



REID, John






SCOTT, Thomas

SEAMAN, Nehemiah

SKINNER, Stephen

SKINNER, Sylvester


SMART, Rev. William

SMITH, Steel


STARR [Alexander] & POLLEY


STORY, Ralph









an engraving made from the painting made by James Gray.

BROCKVILLE in 1828 – from a coloured engraving made by James Gray.